Paper Chase

Paper Chase is a research database designed to offer abstracts of research articles published in journals that have a highly rated impact factor as determined by ISI Impact Factor and PageRank. Abstracts are organized by date, with the most recently published papers listed first.

Developmental cell
Aug 06, 2019

Germ Granules Coordinate RNA-Based Epigenetic Inheritance Pathways.

Authors: Dodson AE, Kennedy S
Abstract:
Germ granules are biomolecular condensates that promote germ cell totipotency in animals. In C. elegans, MEG-3 and MEG-4 function redundantly to assemble germ granules in germline blastomeres. Here, we show that meg-3/4 mutant animals exhibit defects in RNA interference (RNAi) that are transgenerationally disconnected from the meg-3/4 genotype. Similar non-Mendelian inheritance is associated with other mutations disrupting germ granule formation, indicating that loss of germ granules is the likely cause of the observed disconnects between genotype and phenotype. meg-3/4 animals produce aberrant siRNAs that are propagated for ≅10 generations in wild-type descendants of meg-3/4 ancestors. Aberrant siRNAs inappropriately and heritably silence germline-expressed genes including the RNAi gene sid-1, suggesting that transgenerational silencing of sid-1 underlies inherited defects in RNAi. We conclude that one function of germ granules is to organize RNA-based epigenetic inheritance pathways and that germ granule loss has consequences that persist for many generations.