Paper Chase is a research database designed to offer abstracts of research articles published in journals that have a highly rated impact factor as determined by ISI Impact Factor and PageRank. Abstracts are organized by date, with the most recently published papers listed first. 

Paper Chase

Characterization of protein kinase C beta isoform's action on retinoblastoma protein phosphorylation, vascular endothelial growth factor-induced endothelial cell proliferation, and retinal neovascularization.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. Jan 22, 2002;99(2):721-6.
Suzuma K, Takahara N, Suzuma I, Isshiki K, Ueki K, Leitges M, Aiello LP, King GL.

Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA.


Retinal neovascularization is a major cause of blindness and requires the activities of several signaling pathways and multiple cytokines. Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) enhances the angiogenic process and is involved in the signaling of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We have demonstrated a dramatic increase in the angiogenic response to oxygen-induced retinal ischemia in transgenic mice overexpressing PKC beta 2 isoform and a significant decrease in retinal neovascularization in PKC beta isoform null mice. The mitogenic action of VEGF, a potent hypoxia-induced angiogenic factor, was increased by 2-fold in retinal endothelial cells by the overexpression of PKC beta 1 or beta 2 isoforms and inhibited significantly by the overexpression of a dominant-negative PKC beta 2 isoform but not by the expression of PKC alpha, delta, and zeta isoforms. Association of PKC beta 2 isoform with retinoblastoma protein was discovered in retinal endothelial cells, and PKC beta 2 isoform increased retinoblastoma phosphorylation under basal and VEGF-stimulated conditions. The potential functional consequences of PKC beta-induced retinoblastoma phosphorylation could include enhanced E2 promoter binding factor transcriptional activity and increased VEGF-induced endothelial cell proliferation.