4.09 Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism
All work submitted for credit is expected to be the student’s own work. In the preparation of all papers and other written work, students should always take great care to distinguish their own ideas and knowledge from information derived from other sources. The term “sources” includes not only published primary and secondary material, but also information and opinions gained directly from other people (See Harvard Guide to Using Sources in Section 3.20: Harvard University Resources for Students).
The responsibility for learning the proper forms of citation lies with the individual student. Quotations must be properly placed within quotation marks and must be fully cited. In addition, all paraphrased material must be completely acknowledged. Whenever ideas or facts are derived from a student’s reading and research, the sources must be indicated.
The amount of collaboration with others that is permitted in the completion of assignments can vary, depending upon the policy set by the course/clerkship director or the research mentor. Students must assume that collaboration in the completion of assignments is prohibited unless explicitly permitted by the instructor. Students must acknowledge any collaboration and its extent in all submitted work.
Students who are in any doubt about the preparation of academic work should consult with their instructor, the Academic Society, or the Dean for Students before it is prepared or submitted.
Students are expected to record honestly and accurately the results of all their research. Falsification of research results includes misrepresentations, distortions, or serious omissions in data or reports on research and is considered a serious violation of academic honesty.
Plagiarism or falsification of research results will ordinarily result in a requirement to withdraw or expulsion.
The School is deeply concerned for the integrity of science by students and faculty and with sound and safe research practices. Student and faculty researchers are, individually and collectively, expected to safeguard and maintain the University’s policies and practices and to avoid scientific misconduct. Students taking part in research involving human subjects or research involving the use of animals must comply with all Federal, State, and University policies. Questions about these compliance obligations should be directed to the HMS Office for Research Subject Protection at 617-432-3192 or http://hms.harvard.edu/departments/office-human-research-administration All researchers are reminded that sponsoring agencies also have such concerns, that the School must inform sponsors of serious transgressions of sponsors’ policies as well as of any investigations related to sponsored research and that sponsors may take action independent of HMS. See also Section 10.04, Office for Research Subject Protection. For additional information, see the Harvard Guide to Using Sources in Section 3.20.