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Home/Research/Paper Chase/Bacterial cell wall. MurJ is the flippase of lipid-linked precursors for peptidoglycan biogenesis.
Bacterial cell wall. MurJ is the flippase of lipid-linked precursors for peptidoglycan biogenesis.
Department of Microbiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com.
Peptidoglycan (PG) is a polysaccharide matrix that protects bacteria from osmotic lysis. Inhibition of its biogenesis is a proven strategy for killing bacteria with antibiotics. The assembly of PG requires disaccharide-pentapeptide building blocks attached to a polyisoprene lipid carrier called lipid II. Although the stages of lipid II synthesis are known, the identity of the essential flippase that translocates it across the cytoplasmic membrane for PG polymerization is unclear. We developed an assay for lipid II flippase activity and used a chemical genetic strategy to rapidly and specifically block flippase function. We combined these approaches to demonstrate that MurJ is the lipid II flippase in Escherichia coli.