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Role of platelet-derived growth factor in wound healing: synergistic effects with other growth factors.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A..11 1, 1987;84(21):7696-700.
Lynch SE, Nixon JC, Colvin RB, Antoniades HN.
Department of Periodontics, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02115.
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in vitro stimulates DNA synthesis and chemotaxis of fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells and stimulates collagen, glycosaminoglycan, and collagenase production by fibroblasts. These in vitro properties suggest that PDGF, delivered by platelets to the site of injury in vivo, may play an important role in the initiation of the wound repair process. Studies presented here show that the addition of pure PDGF to a wound site involving the epidermis and dermis has little effect on the morphology or biochemistry of the healing wound. In contrast, the addition of partially purified PDGF resulted in significant dose-dependent increases in the width of the newly synthesized connective tissue and epidermal layers. Autoradiography using [3H]thymidine revealed increased numbers of labeled cells in the new connective tissue and epithelial layers. Furthermore, addition of partially purified PDGF resulted in significant increases in the rate of protein and DNA synthesis and the total content of these components in biopsies taken from the wound site. Similar effects were obtained when insulin-like growth factor I was added in combination with pure PDGF. This combination of factors caused a 2.4-fold increase in the width of the newly formed connective tissue layer and a 95% increase in epidermal thickness compared with controls. Insulin-like growth factor I alone caused no significant morphologic changes. Epidermal growth factor alone or in combination with PDGF resulted in a thickening only of the epidermis. These results indicate that the synergistic actions of other factors with PDGF are important in the modulation of the wound healing process.