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Paper Chase

Phosphorylation of middle T by pp60c-src: a switch for binding of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and optimal tumorigenesis.

Cell. Oct 6, 1989;59(1):55-65.
Talmage DA, Freund R, Young AT, Dahl J, Dawe CJ, Benjamin TL.

Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


Substitution of phenylalanine for tyrosine 315 of the polyoma virus middle T (mT) protein lowers the incidence and limits the spectrum of tumors induced following inoculation of the virus into newborn mice. This substitution removes the major site of phosphorylation by pp60c-src without altering the ability of mT to associate with or to activate pp60c-src. The mutant mT fails to show binding of a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (Ptdlns 3-kinase) activity that is normally present in wild-type mT complexes. Furthermore, an anti-peptide antiserum that specifically recognizes mT lacking phosphate at tyrosine 315 precipitates binary (mT-pp60c-src) but not ternary (mT-pp60c-src-Ptdlns 3-kinase) complexes from wild-type infected cell extracts. Reprecipitation with either anti-pp60c-src or anti-mT serum brings down ternary complexes containing mT phosphorylated on tyrosine 315. Phosphorylation of mT by pp60c-src in vivo is therefore a critical event for binding of Ptdlns 3-kinase and for expression of the full tumorigenic potential of the virus.