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Paper Chase

Phosphorylation of middle T by pp60c-src: a switch for binding of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and optimal tumorigenesis.

Cell. Oct 6, 1989;59(1):55-65.
Talmage DA, Freund R, Young AT, Dahl J, Dawe CJ, Benjamin TL.

Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.

Abstract:

Substitution of phenylalanine for tyrosine 315 of the polyoma virus middle T (mT) protein lowers the incidence and limits the spectrum of tumors induced following inoculation of the virus into newborn mice. This substitution removes the major site of phosphorylation by pp60c-src without altering the ability of mT to associate with or to activate pp60c-src. The mutant mT fails to show binding of a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (Ptdlns 3-kinase) activity that is normally present in wild-type mT complexes. Furthermore, an anti-peptide antiserum that specifically recognizes mT lacking phosphate at tyrosine 315 precipitates binary (mT-pp60c-src) but not ternary (mT-pp60c-src-Ptdlns 3-kinase) complexes from wild-type infected cell extracts. Reprecipitation with either anti-pp60c-src or anti-mT serum brings down ternary complexes containing mT phosphorylated on tyrosine 315. Phosphorylation of mT by pp60c-src in vivo is therefore a critical event for binding of Ptdlns 3-kinase and for expression of the full tumorigenic potential of the virus.