Paper Chase is a research database designed to offer abstracts of research articles published in journals that have a highly rated impact factor as determined by ISI Impact Factor and PageRank. Abstracts are organized by date, with the most recently published papers listed first. 

Paper Chase

Antibodies to CD4 in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. 5 1, 1989;86(9):3346-50.
Kowalski M, Ardman B, Basiripour L, Lu YC, Blohm D, Haseltine W, Sodroski J.

Division of Human Retrovirology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115.

Abstract:

The attachment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) to target cells is mediated by a specific interaction between the viral envelope glycoprotein (gp120) and the CD4 receptor. Here we report that approximately 10% of HIV-1-infected individuals produce antibodies that recognize the extracellular portion of the CD4 molecule. Carboxyl-terminal deletions of CD4 that do not affect HIV-1 gp120 binding eliminate recognition of CD4 by patient antisera. In contrast, mutations in the amino-terminal domain of CD4 that attenuate HIV-1 gp120 binding do not diminish CD4 recognition by patient antisera. These results suggest that HIV-1 infection can generate antibodies directed against a region of the viral receptor distinct from the virus-binding domain.