Paper Chase is a research database designed to offer abstracts of research articles published in journals that have a highly rated impact factor as determined by ISI Impact Factor and PageRank. Abstracts are organized by date, with the most recently published papers listed first. 

Paper Chase

Polymerase exchange on single DNA molecules reveals processivity clamp control of translesion synthesis.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. May 27, 2014;111(21):7647-52.
Kath JE, Jergic S, Heltzel JM, Jacob DT, Dixon NE, Sutton MD, Walker GC, Loparo JJ.

Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115; joseph_loparo@hms.harvard.edu.

Abstract:

Translesion synthesis (TLS) by Y-family DNA polymerases alleviates replication stalling at DNA damage. Ring-shaped processivity clamps play a critical but ill-defined role in mediating exchange between Y-family and replicative polymerases during TLS. By reconstituting TLS at the single-molecule level, we show that the Escherichia coli β clamp can simultaneously bind the replicative polymerase (Pol) III and the conserved Y-family Pol IV, enabling exchange of the two polymerases and rapid bypass of a Pol IV cognate lesion. Furthermore, we find that a secondary contact between Pol IV and β limits Pol IV synthesis under normal conditions but facilitates Pol III displacement from the primer terminus following Pol IV induction during the SOS DNA damage response. These results support a role for secondary polymerase clamp interactions in regulating exchange and establishing a polymerase hierarchy.