Paper Chase is a research database designed to offer abstracts of research articles published in journals that have a highly rated impact factor as determined by ISI Impact Factor and PageRank. Abstracts are organized by date, with the most recently published papers listed first. 

Paper Chase

Treating small fiber neuropathy by topical application of a small molecule modulator of ligand-induced GFRα/RET receptor signaling.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. Feb 11, 2014;111(6):2325-30.
Hedstrom KL, Murtie JC, Albers K, Calcutt NA, Corfas G.

F. M. Kirby Neurobiology Center, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.

Abstract:

Small-fiber neuropathy (SFN) is a disorder of peripheral nerves commonly found in patients with diabetes mellitus, HIV infection, and those receiving chemotherapy. The complexity of disease etiology has led to a scarcity of effective treatments. Using two models of progressive SFN, we show that overexpression of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in skin keratinocytes or topical application of XIB4035, a reported nonpeptidyl agonist of GDNF receptor α1 (GFRα1), are effective treatments for SFN. We also demonstrate that XIB4035 is not a GFRα1 agonist, but rather it enhances GFRα family receptor signaling in conjunction with ligand stimulation. Taken together, our results indicate that topical application of GFRα/RET receptor signaling modulators may be a unique therapy for SFN, and we have identified XIB4035 as a candidate therapeutic agent.