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Paper Chase

Ethanol inhibits neuronal differentiation by disrupting activity-dependent neuroprotective protein signaling.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. Dec 16, 2008;105(50):19962-7.
Chen S, Charness ME.

VA Boston Healthcare System, 1400 VFW Parkway, West Roxbury, MA 02132, USA.

Abstract:

The mechanisms by which ethanol damages the developing and adult central nervous system (CNS) remain unclear. Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) is a glial protein that protects the CNS against a wide array of insults and is critical for CNS development. NAPVSIPQ (NAP), a potent active fragment of ADNP, potentiated axon outgrowth in cerebellar granule neurons by activating the sequential tyrosine phosphorylation of Fyn kinase and the scaffold protein Crk-associated substrate (Cas). Pharmacological inhibition of Fyn kinase or expression of a Fyn kinase siRNA abolished NAP-mediated axon outgrowth. Concentrations of ethanol attained after social drinking blocked NAP-mediated axon outgrowth (IC(50) = 17 mM) by inhibiting NAP activation of Fyn kinase and Cas. These findings identify a mechanism for ADNP regulation of glial-neuronal interactions in developing cerebellum and a pathogenesis of ethanol neurotoxicity.